Messier 74 (M74 or NGC 628) is a Spiral Galaxy about 30 million light years distant that is oriented moderately close to perpendicular to the line of sight, i.e., so the spiral is fully in view.
It is classified as a Grand Design Spiral Galaxy., i.e., showing a very clear spiral structure. A number of Supernova (SN) have been identified in it. Like Whirlpool Galaxy (M51a) and Messier 100 (M100), its orientation makes it ideal for many observations aimed at discovering the architecture of spiral galaxies, such as the frequency, location, and density of Molecular Clouds.
Grand Design Spiral Galaxy