Astrophysics (index)

Magnetorotational Instability

(MRI, Velikhov-Chandrasekhar Instability, Balbus-Hawley Instability)
(instability in the fluid of a disk from MHD effects)

Magnetorotational Instability (MRI or Velikhov-Chandrasekhar Instability or Balbus-Hawley Instability) is an instability in a body of fluid, e.g., a disk, that occurs in a conducting fluid within a magnetic field when the Angular Velocity decreases with radial distance. In such conditions, small disturbances receive positive feedback, resulting in the instability.

It is thought to occur in Accretion Disks and to be a contributor to Type I Planetary Migration.

The criteria for magnetorotational instability in a Keplerian Disk in an axial magnetic field is:

———— > 0
  • Ω - angular momentum
  • R - radius

(physics,fluid dynamics,MHD,accretion disk,magnetism,disturbance,migration)