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Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter

(Mars probe launched by NASA in 2005)

The Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO) is a Mars probe launched in 2005 by NASA. It went into Mars orbit in 2006 for a two-year primary mission and has continued operation beyond 2015.


  • HiRISE - High Resolution Imaging Science camera - a .5m reflecting telescope.
  • CTX - Context Camera - grayscale.
  • MARCI - Mars Color Imager - wide-angle low-resolution.
  • CRISM - Compact Reconnaissance Imaging Spectrometer for Mars
  • MCS - Mars Climate Sounder
  • SHARAD - Shallow Subsurface Radar


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