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Phase Space

(space of all possible states of a system)

A Phase Space is a space of all possible states of a system. For example, in classical (non-Quantum) mechanics, a pendulum might have a dimension representing the position along the pendulum's path and a second dimension its momentum, forming its Phase Plane. Phase Line similarly indicates just a single dimension of states.

For an object moving in (3-dimensional) space, it could be six dimensions, three for position and three for momentum. The object would represent a point in this phase space.

A Phase Integral is an integral calculating a volume in a phase space. For some calculations, such volumes is useful as a substitution for discrete numbers of potential points in the phase space.


(physics,mathematics)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phase_space

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