Extinction is the phenomena of no light from a star reaching Earth because of Absorption or scattering, e.g., by Cosmic Dust (Dust Extinction). Objects bright enough to show through the dust are likely to experience Reddening. Atmospheric Extinction refers to absorption and scattering affecting observation that's specifically due to the Earth's Atmosphere. Wavelength bands less effected by atmospheric extinction are known as Atmospheric Windows.
An Extinction Curve is the function of degree of extinction against Wavelength. A particular Galaxy often has a characteristic curve related to characteristics of its Interstellar Medium (ISM) and Star Formation (SF).
Young Stellar Object (YSO)