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Faber-Jackson Relation

(relation between elliptical galaxy luminosity and stellar velocity dispersion)

The Faber-Jackson Relation is a relation between the Luminosity of an Elliptical Galaxy and its central stellar Velocity Dispersion. It is something like a "Tully-Fisher Relation for elliptical galaxies". It serves as a method of estimating the distance to a galaxy as the velocity dispersion can be derived from Spectrography, by observing the effects of Redshift and blue shift on Spectral Lines of the stars, yielding an Absolute Magnitude, which with the Apparent Magnitude yields an estimate of the distance, albeit a loose one.

A more recently-observed, useful relation, the D-σ Relation, is between the diameter of an elliptical galaxy and its velocity dispersion.


Referenced by:
Cosmic Distance Ladder