Astrophysics (index)

Neutron Star

(stellar remnant consisting entirely of solar masses of neutrons)

A Neutron Star is a mass entirely of neutrons the result of gravitational collapse of a star after it has used up the energy to resist such collapse. Its mass is large enough that Gravity overcomes Electron Degeneracy and causes such collapse but not so large as to overcome their internal pressure which prevents them collapsing into a Black Hole (BH) (Neutron Degeneracy Pressure). Typical mass is 1.4 to 3.2 solar masses with a radius on the order of 10 km. Stars with lesser mass become White Dwarves instead.

Their existence was first proposed in 1934 and candidates were identified in the 1960s that have panned out.

Rotation of neutron stars and their magnetic field makes them pulse (Pulsars (PSR)). The magnetic field may be strong enough to affect the trajectory of Accretion, channeling it to the magnetic poles. The point where the magnetic field is sufficiently strong to overcome the accreting mass's kinetic energy is called the Alfvén Radius.


(star type,degeneracy)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neutron_star

Referenced by:
Black Widow Pulsar (B1957+20)
Binary Star
Bondi Radius
Calcium-Rich Gap Transient
Chandrasekhar Limit
Canadian Institute for Theoretical Astrophysics (CITA)
Compact Object
Ejection
Electron Degeneracy
Fast Radio Burst (FRB)
Frequency
Gamma-Ray Burst (GRB)
LIGO
Crab Nebula (M1)
Magnetar
Hulse-Taylor Binary (PSR B1913+16)
Pulsar (PSR)
Radio Star
Stellar Remnant
Stellar Rotation
Strong-Field Gravity
Tidal Tail
Tolman-Oppenheimer-Volkoff Limit (TOV)
White Dwarf

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