Astrophysics (index)

Orbital Speed

(speed of an orbiting body around the barycenter of a system)

Orbital Speed is the speed of an orbiting body around the center of Gravity of the system, i.e., around its Barycenter. For a given pair, the further apart, the lower the orbital speed.

Earth's orbital speed as it orbits the Sun is about 30km/second, while Jupiter's is about 13km/second. The Moon's orbital speed around the Earth is about 1km/second. Artificial satellites around Earth vary from around 7km/second for a low orbit to 3km/second for a Geostationary orbit.

(orbits,celestial mechanics)

Referenced by:
Astronomical Quantities
Kepler Radius
Poynting-Robertson Effect
Rotation Curve