Astrophysics (index)

Modified Newtonian Dynamics

(alternative theory of gravity addressing "dark matter")

Modified Newtonian Dynamics (MOND) is a recent theory of Gravity explaining the same dynamics that Dark Matter explains. It is not widely accepted in astrophysics.

It was developed in 1983 by physicist Mordehai Milgrom.

Entropic Gravity (or Emergent Gravity) is a 2007 theory developed by Erik Verlinde that bases a MOND-like gravity on String Theory and hypotheses tying gravity to Entropy. It also results in divergence from the usual gravitational formula at very small distances.


Referenced by:
Dark Matter