Astrophysics (Index)About

Schmidt camera

(Schmidt telescope)
(telescope type with a very wide field of view)

A Schmidt camera (or Schmidt telescope) is a reflector telescope with a spherical primary mirror and a particular kind of lens that reduces spherical aberration (called the Schmidt corrector plate). For a given a size, a spherical mirror is easier to grind than a non-spherical mirror and produces little of the other aberrations usually associated with a short focal length, allowing Schmidt cameras to be made with a wide field of view, which is especially suitable for surveys. However, the focal plane is not planar, but curved, thus requiring unique design of the image recording mechanism, such as curved photographic paper, back when photography was used in such research telescopes. The general design of the Schmidt camera was developed by Bernhard Schmidt in 1930. Variants of the Schmidt camera combine it with other telescope designs, e.g., the Schmidt-Newton telescope (SNT) or Schmidt-Cassegrain telescope (SCT).

(telescope type,reflector)
Further reading:

Referenced by pages:
Campo Imperatore Near-Earth Object Survey (CINEOS)
Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory (CTIO)
ESO Schmidt Telescope
field curvature
focal length
Hamburg Schmidt Survey (HS)
Kepler Telescope
La Silla Observatory (LSO)
Magellanic Catalogue of Stars (MACS)
Orbiting Wide-angle Light Collectors (OWL)
Palomar 48 Inch Telescope (P48)
Palomar Observatory
Planet Crossing Asteroid Survey (PCAS)
reflector telescope
Second Byurakan Survey (SBS)
Schmidt-Newton telescope (SNT)
spherical aberration
telescope type
Tonantzintla Surveys (Ton)
UK Schmidt Telescope (UKST)