Astrophysics (Index)About


(photographic plate)
(product of astronomical photography)

A plate (i.e., photographic plate) is a pane of glass coated with the photographic chemicals necessary for taking a photograph, an alternative to the use of film. Photographic plates have been used in astronomy since the late 1800s, but such photography has been replaced by the use of electronic sensors such as CCDs, introduced in the late 1900s. Film has been used as well, but plates have the advantage of stability of their size: no stretching or shrinking. One astrometry practice is literally measuring physical distances between imaged objects on a plate, so this stability is relevant.

Surveys have resulted in collections of plates, which have been used for years to create catalogs of various kinds of objects, often with more than one plate for each field, taken with various filters. (Note that such collections may include film as well, which may sometimes be referred to as plates.) Example collections are the POSS plates from the Palomar Observatory Sky Survey (POSS), and the ESO plates from the UK Schmidt Survey. More recent surveys like the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS), that do not use photography produce data sets used similarly. Plates as old as a century retain value by offering data regarding peculiar velocity, visual binaries, variable stars, supernovae and other transient phenomena, and earlier positions of solar system objects.

The term plate has other uses: in some situations a lens is referred to as a plate, such as a Schmidt corrector plate.

Further reading:

Referenced by pages:
Abell Catalog
Astrographic Catalog (AC)
Arp-Madore Catalog of Southern Peculiar Galaxies (AM)
plate measuring machine (APM)
APM Galaxy Survey (APMUKS)
Berkeley Open Cluster Catalogue (Be)
Bologna Catalog of Globular Clusters (Bol)
Catalog of Galaxies and Clusters of Galaxies (CGCG)
Duus-Newell catalog (DN)
Digitized Sky Survey (DSS)
ESO Schmidt Telescope
ESO/Uppsala Survey of the ESO (B) Atlas
field curvature
Atlas of Galactic Nebulae (GN)
Hamburg/ESO Survey (HE)
Hamburg Schmidt Survey (HS)
Lynds Catalogue of Bright Nebulae (LBN)
Lynds Catalog of Dark Nebulae (LDN)
Lowell Proper Motion Survey (G)
Luyten Palomar Survey (LP)
Luyten Two-Tenths Arcsecond Catalog (LTT)
Magellanic Catalogue of Stars (MACS)
Morphological Catalogue of Galaxies (MCG)
Palomar 48 Inch Telescope (P48)
Palomar Globular Clusters (Pal)
Parsamian Nebula Catalog
plate scale
photomultiplier tube (PMT)
Palomar Observatory Sky Survey (POSS)
rare designator prefixes
Second Byurakan Survey (SBS)
Sharpless Catalog (Sh2)
spectral line
stray light
SuperCOSMOS Sky Survey (SSS)
UK Schmidt Survey
USNO Twin Astrograph
van den Bergh galaxy classification
Van Den Bergh Reflection Nebula Catalog (vdB)