L = 4πR²sT - L,R,T - luminosity, radius, temperature.
- s - Stefan-Boltzmann Constant
Or simply to determine the radius in comparison to the Sun: R/R Both L and T need to be measured or estimated. Temperature is generally related to the B-V Color Index. With a Parallax distance measurement, L is related to the Apparent Magnitude. This yields a very rough estimate: merely basing the temperature on b-v can result in a radius off by as much as 50%. When a parallax distance is not available, an even rougher estimate can be made using the Mass-Luminosity Relation and Mass-Radius Relation. More accurate determination uses: - Eclipsing Binary stars: if their radial velocities can be determined, e.g., by Doppler Shift, their separation can be derived and the eclipse yields information about their radii.
- Interferometry (for nearby stars).
- Asteroseismology (for stars with observable vibrations) this is a relatively accurate method for the distances it covers, and is useful in calibrating other methods.
- Lunar Occultations
Only a few hundred stars have been measured by these more accurate methods. Using the above formula, an alternate temperature can be calculated, which may be considered more accurate. One use for the radius is in the study of transiting Extra Solar Planets, to determine characteristics of the planet's orbit. stars,astrophysics,radius)http://skyserver.sdss.org/dr1/en/proj/advanced/hr/radius1.asp http://star-www.st-and.ac.uk/~kdh1/sea/sea09.pdf Referenced by:
Asteroseismology California-Kepler Survey (CKS) Stellar Luminosity Determination Stellar Parameter Determination |